How many tribes are in India?

The most commonly known tribes of India are Gonds, Bhils (or Bheels), Santhal, Munda, Khasi, Garo, Angami, Bhutia, Chenchu, Kodaba, and the Great Andamanese Tribes.

According to the 2011 census, the Bhil is India's biggest tribe. It accounts for a startling 38% of the country's entire scheduled tribal population.

The Bhils' language is named after them, but the majority of them also speak Marathi and Gujarati, the official state languages where they live. The tribe has origins throughout Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, portions of Gujarat, Rajasthan, and possibly Tripura, making it India's largest tribe.

In addition, Bhil is one of the few scheduled tribes in India that is well-known for its art form, Bhil Art. The objective of these artworks is to depict the tribal members' daily lives. They manufacture a variety of goods utilizing Neem tree twigs and branches as brushes, as well as natural color pigments generated from various leaves and flowers.

Bhil Art is also distinctive in that it depicts their deities and ancestors as dots painted over the painting's backdrop in varied colors and patterns, giving it a distinct appearance. Questions on Bhil Art and its purpose are regularly asked in IAS test exams.

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